Balanced Healthy Diet
Toy breeds usually need more calories. They have a faster metabolism so they burn more calories even when they are resting. Pick a kibble that is high quality, high-carbohydrate, high-protein designed for toy breeds. Small breed puppies should be fed four to six times a days, especially puppies under two pounds. Your puppy has been started on Wellness Puppy Food dry kibble and canned. Very young puppies are fed a mixture of soaked kibble with canned food several times a day. Continue to feed canned food until the puppy has weaned himself onto dry kibble and eating well on his own.
Giving puppies multiple vaccines simultaneously can have deleterious consequences. It can be life threatening. The puppy needs to be old enough, the body mature enough and time is also necessary between vaccinations, as it ensures the antibodies have time to be formed. Toy breed puppies should have their vaccinations on time every 3 - 4 weeks up through the age of 16 weeks, as recommended by a veterinarian.
Obedience class and proper socialization has many rewards. Reward based training and verbal cues used in obedience class will help to have a well-rounded and happy dog that you can enjoy. Socialization can help a puppy be more confident in a big world and reduce levels of stress as the dog grows into adulthood with proper training and care.
Reducing stress during the first few weeks after arrival is important as your puppy develops a sense of his new surroundings. A radio or a television left on will help your puppy not to feel nearly as lonely when left alone. Puppies need a safe place and placing a playpen in a highly visible area of your home away from drafts will help keep him safe, warm, and help with loneliness. The bed should be placed on one end with toys and a blanket with the food and water dishes nearby. On one end of the playpen, place a small pad, or other material to pull wetness away from the puppy as he uses this area. Clean this area several times a day. The playpen should be large enough to allow the puppy to play and exercise.
Measure your puppy from the nose to the tail to size for a new bed. As the puppy grows provide bedding appropriate for his or her size taking into consideration the weight of the puppy for maximum comfort. Toys are important for boredom and help with teething. Choose toys that that are not easily destroyed to prevent choking. Supervising young puppies with toys will help to reduce strenuous play sessions and allow the puppy adequate rest and sleep.
To house train a Toy Breed puppy, start with creating a schedule. Choose an area, stick to a routine, be consistent and choose a word to use each time to encourage the puppy to go potty when asked to. When he hears that word he will associate what is being asked and will learn to eliminate on cue. Reward, praise, reward and praise some more and soon your puppy will begin to understand what is being asked of them. The easiest method is crate training or having an area that limits where the puppy can be placed when unattended.
Dropping, stepping on or falling onto a toy dog can be fatal to your pet. Toy breeds are more fragile and require careful handling to prevent injuries from falling, jumping, handling or playing.
Serious complications from injuries can be minimized by following a few precautions. Keep puppies from getting underfoot. Hold your puppy in your lap (while sitting on the floor) and use two hands while holding a wiggly puppy. Fractured bones and head trauma are serious injuries and being proactive can be very helpful in preventing unnecessary injuries.
When puppies experience stress they may have loose stools or diarrhea. A new move, trips, time spent in a boarding facility, changes in food and water, vaccinations and many other reasons can trigger stress and cause your puppy to have loose stools. Treatment with over the counter Pepto Bismol or Kaopectate, 1 cc per pound every 6 hours can help. Follow up with your veterinarian for persistent diarrhea lasting more than 48 hours. Probiotic soft chews are a good alternative for stressed induced diarrhea or probiotic supplement granules sprinkled on the food.
Regular wormings should be done to keep your puppy parasite free. Nemex II (pyrantel pamoate) is a good product for deworming. Fenbendazole (brand name Panacur or Safe-Guard) is a safe and effective broad spectrum wormer that is also antigiardial. A veterinarian can set up a schedule as part of a annual health check to treat for worms. A sample of the stool can be taken in as often as needed to check for roundworms, hookworms and tapeworms. Giardia and Coccidia must be treated by a vet with a prescription. Symptoms may include blood and mucous stools. A trip to the vet clinic is best when these symptoms show up.
Hypoglycemia is a decreased level of blood glucose (blood sugar). This condition can become dangerous very quickly, and can even lead to death. Toy breeds, especially puppies under three months, are particularly prone to hypoglycemia. A nutritional supplement should be kept on hand for emergencies. Hypoglycemia can also occur in mature toy breeds when they are subjected to stress.
Tips for Preventing Hypoglycemia
Strenuous play sessions
Changes to the home environment
Loss of body heat
Allow enough rest and sleep
High quality diet
Treat Bacterial infections or intestinal parasites
Toy breeds should eat frequently ( 4 to 6 times daily even into adulthood)
Limit access to your home (to where food and water bowls are located)
Put a small amount of honey or syrup in their regular drinking water (wash water dish daily)
Syringe (or use your finger to rub on gums as needed)
White Karo Syrup
Nutri Cal Paste (high calorie dietary supplement)
Pedialyte (restores lost fluids and electrolytes after dehydration)
1st stage Baby Food (Beef)
Heating Pad or source of warmth. (a puppy should never be left unattended or put directly on a heating pad, (as this can result in overheating, burns and even death)
Toy breeds owners must always be aware of the fragility of the dogs’ neck. The wrong leash or collar and pulling and yanking on the lead can quickly damage the trachea.
Collapsed trachea can occur with even one misuse of the lead and pressure on the collar. Tugging and dragging should always be avoided. Using a harness is a much better solution, measured properly for the best fit. Toy breeds are more prone to a collapsed trachea and great care should always be taken when handling these tiny dogs.
Toy dog breeds are prone to dental issues. Baby teeth often do not fall out like they are supposed to. As the adult teeth grow in, overcrowding can cause the bite to go off, cause pain as the dog chews (pinching the tongue) or rubbing the roof of the mouth. If the baby teeth have not come out on their own consult with a veterinarian to help manually extract the baby teeth to make room for the adult teeth. Brushing is important to good dental health. The gum bed is not very deep and gingivitis can cause the gum to recede and the adult teeth will fall out sooner. Preventing tooth loss in Toy Breeds can easily be reduced with ongoing dental care. A veterinarian can clean the teeth from the buildup of tartar and may recommend a yearly cleaning.
A serious health issue can arise when the puppy cannot sustain their body temperature. Toy dog breeds, due to the small size can have problems staying warm when there is a draft in the home, staying outdoors on a rainy day or being in a cold setting. Puppies have little body fat and without body fat it is difficult for the body to stay warm. Keeping the puppy out of drafts, staying dry, limiting time outdoors and avoiding cold temperatures can lessen the chance of serious health issues.
Luxating patella is a common orthopedic problem in dogs. Toy breeds are prone to luxating patellas and using preventative measures may help reduce or prevent luxation. Keep your dog at a healthy weight throughout his life reducing obesity-related luxating patella. Getting enough exercise, a diet that is appropriate for each of the life stages: puppy, adult and senior and preventing young puppies from jumping or jumping from furniture can reduce or prevent luxation.